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Pôle de compétitivité, spillovers et coopération R et D

Author

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  • Iritié, J.J.

Abstract

Les pôles de compétitivité, basés sur le modèle des clusters, sont au coeur de la nouvelle politique industrielle française. Ils ont pour objet de favoriser un environnement propice à l'innovation à fort potentiel technologique, moteur de croissance économique. L'objectif de ce papier est d'analyser les effets de ce dispositif industriel sur les incitations à innover des firmes et sur la performance de la coopération R et D. Pour ce faire, nous développons un modèle de duopole, coopératif en R et D, co-localisé sur un territoire avec d'autres firmes et intégrant les spillovers localisés. Les résultats montrent que les pôles créent des incitations informationnelles socialement sous-optimales pour corriger totalementle problème classique de sous-investissement en matière de R et D. Ce qui justifie les incitations financières publiques. Par ailleurs, on montre que les pôles peuvent favoriser des comportements collusifs, inattendus, entre les firmes et qui déstabiliseraient la coopération R et D.

Suggested Citation

  • Iritié, J.J., 2012. "Pôle de compétitivité, spillovers et coopération R et D," Working Papers 2012-05, Grenoble Applied Economics Laboratory (GAEL).
  • Handle: RePEc:gbl:wpaper:2012-05
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    File URL: https://gael.univ-grenoble-alpes.fr/sites/gael/files/doc-recherche/WP/A2012/gael2012-05.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    SPILLOVERS LOCALISES; POLE DE COMPETITIVITE; COOPERATION R ET D; CAPACITE D'ABSORPTION; POINT COL.;

    JEL classification:

    • L00 - Industrial Organization - - General - - - General
    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General

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