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The Crooked Mirror

Listed author(s):
  • Konstantin Yanovskiy

    (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)

  • Dmitry Cherny

    (Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration)

Can the absence of freedom of speech, a monopolized media market, and a politicized education create obstacles which will stand in the way of economic growth? The answer is an unambiguous Yes, and substantially. Partial, biased, or heteronomous mass media and an education turned into a propaganda channel not only undermine the regeneration of quality human capital, but also weaken the safeguards for the inviolability of the human individual. State, “public,” or simply state-controlled mass media are transformed. From mutually competing information sources they turn into instruments for foisting onto the viewer a system of paternalistic views (that is, views characteristic of the ideal “leftist politician”). State schools and politicized teachers’ professional unions, a normal feature of developed countries, relieve teachers of the responsibility for the quality of education. At the same time, however, teachers are required to impose upon their students certain ideological worldviews. It is quite possible that in the future this problem will become a concern for Russia, as well. Following the model provided by aggressive professional unions in large enterprises, their analogs will take shape within the system of education. The destruction of a competitive media market weakens democratic institutions and principles, something which in turn annuls political competition and the separation of powers. The elimination of political competition and of the separation of powers leads, in turn, to the weakening of safeguards for private property

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Paper provided by Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy in its series Working Papers with number 0079.

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Length: 34 pages
Date of creation: 2013
Date of revision: 2013
Handle: RePEc:gai:wpaper:0079
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Georgy Egorov & Sergei Guriev & Konstantin Sonin, 2006. "Media Freedom, Bureaucratic Incentives, and the Resource Curse," Working Papers w0063, Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR), revised Jun 2006.
  2. Filmer, Deon & Pritchett, Lant, 1999. "The impact of public spending on health: does money matter?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 49(10), pages 1309-1323, November.
  3. S.J. Prais, 1997. "How Did English Schools and Pupils Really Perform in the 1995 International Comparisons in Mathematics ?," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 161(1), pages 53-68, July.
  4. World Bank, 2002. "Constructing Knowledge Societies : New Challenges for Tertiary Education," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15224, February.
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