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Rural infrastucture, the settlement system, and development of the regional economy in Southern India:


  • Wanmali, Sudhir


North Arcot, a rural district of Tamil Nadu, India, has been the site of extensive research on whether economic growth induced by the introduction of the green revolution has widened inequities between the well-to-do and the poor. Data indicate that not only landless laborers and small-scale farmers in this area have benefited, but also small businesses and services. Using that and additional data from North Arcot, Rural Infrastructure, the Settlement System, and Development of the Regional Economy in Southern India, Research Report 91, by Sudhir Wanmali, approaches the question from another direction: How important is the provision of infrastructure hard and soft to economic growth in a rural region? Policymakers usually consider the effects of rural infrastructure on agriculture in terms of hard infrastructure roads, electricity, irrigation. But other types of infrastructure are just as important. Institutional infrastructure such as government agencies is needed to collect and analyze local data before agricultural development is planned. Soft infrastructure including transport, finance, input distribution, and marketing services is also essential. This study finds that available and accessible services help improve total production and the productivity of agriculture and help strengthen linkages between agricultural and nonagricultural sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • Wanmali, Sudhir, 1992. "Rural infrastucture, the settlement system, and development of the regional economy in Southern India:," Research reports 91, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:resrep:91

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Birdsall, Nancy M. & Griffin, Charles C., 1988. "Fertility and poverty in developing countries," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 10(1), pages 29-55, April.
    2. Kennedy, Eileen T. & Cogill, Bruce, 1987. "Income and nutritional effects of the commercialization of agriculture in southwestern Kenya:," Research reports 63, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    3. Kelvin J. Lancaster, 1966. "A New Approach to Consumer Theory," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 74, pages 132-132.
    4. von Braun, Joachim & Puetz, Detlev & Webb, Patrick, 1989. "Irrigation technology and commercialization of rice in the Gambia: effects on income and nutrition," Research reports 75, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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    Cited by:

    1. Sivarasu, S.R. & Chandira Sekaran, E. & Karthik, P., 2015. "Development of renewable energy based microgrid project implementations for residential consumers in India: Scope, challenges and possibilities," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 256-269.
    2. Winfried Manig, 1996. "The Importance of the Informal Financial Market for Rural Development Financing in Developing Countries: The Example of Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 35(3), pages 229-239.


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