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How can African agriculture adapt to climate change: Analysis of the determinants of farmers' choice of adaptation methods and perceptions of climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia:

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  • Deressa, Temesgen
  • Hassan, Rashid M.
  • Ringler, Claudia
  • Alemu, Tekie
  • Yesuf, Mahmud

Abstract

Ethiopia's agricultural sector, which is dominated by smallscale, mixed-crop, and livestock farming, is the mainstay of the country's economy. It constitutes more than half of the country's gross domestic product, generates more than 85 percent of foreign exchange earnings, and employs about 80 percent of the population. Unfortunately, Ethiopia's dependence on agriculture makes the country particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change on crop and livestock production. Thus, a deeper understanding of the complex interdependence between changing climatic conditions and Ethiopia's agricultural sector- together with adaptation options-is crucial. Additional information about farmers' awareness of climate change and current adaptation approaches would assist policymakers in their efforts to decrease the country's vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change. This brief is based on a study that endeavors to guide policymakers on ways to promote greater adaptation by identifying the household characteristics that increase farmers' awareness of climate change and influence farmers' decision to adapt.

Suggested Citation

  • Deressa, Temesgen & Hassan, Rashid M. & Ringler, Claudia & Alemu, Tekie & Yesuf, Mahmud, 2008. "How can African agriculture adapt to climate change: Analysis of the determinants of farmers' choice of adaptation methods and perceptions of climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia:," Research briefs 15(9), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:resbrf:15(9)
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    Cited by:

    1. Madina Guloba, 2014. "Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change in Uganda: Are there Gender Differences Across Households?," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2014-107, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    2. Ochenje, I.M. & Ritho, C.N. & Guthiga, P.M. & Mbatia, O.L.E., 2016. "Assessment of Farmers’ Perception to the Effects of Climate Change on Water Resources at Farm Level: The Case of Kakamega County, Kenya," 2016 Fifth International Conference, September 23-26, 2016, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 249339, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
    3. Enimu Solomon & Onome George Edet, 2018. "Determinants of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Among Farm Households in Delta State, Nigeria," Current Investigations in Agriculture and Current Research, Lupine Publishers, LLC, vol. 5(3), pages 663-668, November.
    4. Khan, Imran & Lei, Hongdou & Shah, Irshad Ali & Ali, Imad & Khan, Inayat & Muhammad, Ihsan & Huo, Xuexi & Javed, Tehseen, 2020. "Farm households’ risk perception, attitude and adaptation strategies in dealing with climate change: Promise and perils from rural Pakistan," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).
    5. Amadou, Mahamadou L. & Villamor, Grace B. & Kyei-Baffour, Nicholas, 2018. "Simulating agricultural land-use adaptation decisions to climate change: An empirical agent-based modelling in northern Ghana," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 166(C), pages 196-209.
    6. Kamau M.W & Ndung’u C.K & Muriu Ng’ang’a F.W, 2020. "Factors Influencing Farmers’ Adaptations to Climate Variability and Extreme Events in Dry Kitui, Kenya," International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources, Juniper Publishers Inc., vol. 24(1), pages 1-8, March.
    7. Mutunga Evelyn J & Ndungu Charles K & Muendo P, 2018. "Factors Influencing Smallholder Farmers’ Adaptation to Climate Variability in Kitui County, Kenya," International Journal of Environmental Sciences & Natural Resources, Juniper Publishers Inc., vol. 8(5), pages 155-161, February.
    8. Zongo, Beteo & Diarra, Abdoulaye & Barbier, Bruno & Zorom, Malicki & Yacouba, Hamma & Dogot, Thomas, 2015. "Farmers’ Practices And Willingness To Adopt Supplemental Irrigation In Burkina Faso," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 3(1), pages 1-17, January.
    9. Moranga, Lawrence Ongwae & Otieno, David Jakinda & Oluoch-Kosura, Willis, 2016. "Analysis Of Factors Influencing Tomato Farmers’ Willingness To Adopt Innovative Timing Approaches For Management Of Climate Change Effects In Taita Taveta County, Kenya," Dissertations and Theses 269270, University of Nairobi, Department of Agricultural Economics.
    10. Urquía-Grande, Elena & Cano-Montero, Elisa I. & Pérez-Estébanez, Raquel & Chamizo-González, Julián, 2018. "Agriculture, nutrition and economics through training: A virtuous cycle in rural Ethiopia," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 707-716.
    11. Ram Kumar Phuyal & Niranjan Devkota, 2018. "Rice Farmers’ Climate Change Adaptation in Nepal: Exploring Linkage to Water Availability and Water Sharing Practice," Journal of Agriculture and Crops, Academic Research Publishing Group, vol. 4(4), pages 36-42, 04-2018.
    12. Maeregu Asrat & Barana Babiso, 2020. "Smallholder Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change and Determinants of their Adaptation Choices in Hobicha, Southern Ethiopia," Agricultural Research & Technology: Open Access Journal, Juniper Publishers Inc., vol. 25(1), pages 28-36, September.
    13. Acquah, H. de-Graft & Onumah, Edward E., 2011. "Farmers Perception and Adaptation to Climate Change: An Estimation of Willingness to Pay," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 3(4), pages 1-9, December.
    14. Guloba, Madina, 2014. "Adaptation to climate variability and change in Uganda: Are there gender differences across households?," WIDER Working Paper Series 107, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Small farmers; farm-level adaptation strategies; Food and water security; Climate change;
    All these keywords.

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