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How can African agriculture adapt to climate change: Analysis of the determinants of farmers' choice of adaptation methods and perceptions of climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia:

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  • Deressa, Temesgen
  • Hassan, Rashid M.
  • Ringler, Claudia
  • Alemu, Tekie
  • Yesuf, Mahmud

Abstract

Ethiopia's agricultural sector, which is dominated by smallscale, mixed-crop, and livestock farming, is the mainstay of the country's economy. It constitutes more than half of the country's gross domestic product, generates more than 85 percent of foreign exchange earnings, and employs about 80 percent of the population. Unfortunately, Ethiopia's dependence on agriculture makes the country particularly vulnerable to the adverse impacts of climate change on crop and livestock production. Thus, a deeper understanding of the complex interdependence between changing climatic conditions and Ethiopia's agricultural sector- together with adaptation options-is crucial. Additional information about farmers' awareness of climate change and current adaptation approaches would assist policymakers in their efforts to decrease the country's vulnerability to the adverse impacts of climate change. This brief is based on a study that endeavors to guide policymakers on ways to promote greater adaptation by identifying the household characteristics that increase farmers' awareness of climate change and influence farmers' decision to adapt.

Suggested Citation

  • Deressa, Temesgen & Hassan, Rashid M. & Ringler, Claudia & Alemu, Tekie & Yesuf, Mahmud, 2008. "How can African agriculture adapt to climate change: Analysis of the determinants of farmers' choice of adaptation methods and perceptions of climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia:," Research briefs 15(9), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:resbrf:15(9)
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    Cited by:

    1. Acquah, H. de-Graft & Onumah, Edward E., 2011. "Farmers Perception and Adaptation to Climate Change: An Estimation of Willingness to Pay," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 3(4), December.
    2. Ochenje, I.M. & Ritho, C.N. & Guthiga, P.M. & Mbatia, O.L.E., 2016. "Assessment of Farmers’ Perception to the Effects of Climate Change on Water Resources at Farm Level: The Case of Kakamega County, Kenya," 2016 AAAE Fifth International Conference, September 23-26, 2016, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 249339, African Association of Agricultural Economists (AAAE).
    3. Zongo, Beteo & Diarra, Abdoulaye & Barbier, Bruno & Zorom, Malicki & Yacouba, Hamma & Dogot, Thomas, 1. "Farmers’ Practices And Willingness To Adopt Supplemental Irrigation In Burkina Faso," International Journal of Food and Agricultural Economics (IJFAEC), Alanya Alaaddin Keykubat University, Department of Economics and Finance, vol. 3(1).
    4. Guloba, Madina, 2014. "Adaptation to climate variability and change in Uganda: Are there gender differences across households?," WIDER Working Paper Series 107, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Small farmers; farm-level adaptation strategies; Food and water security; Climate change;

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