IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Brazil's experience with bioenergy: bioenergy and agriculture promises and challenges


  • Moreira, Jose Roberto


"Brazil is the world's largest producer of ethanol, a biofuel used mainly in automobiles as an additive or alternative to gasoline. In the mid-1970s the country undertook a major program to produce ethanol, and since then the industry has had both successes and failures. Although Brazil's program was criticized as being uneconomic during periods of low oil prices, the ethanol industry today is recognized as an efficient sector that brings substantial benefits to the Brazilian economy... For countries that wish to improve their energy security while promoting rural development, Brazil's experience offers some relevant policy lessons. Among the policies most important to Brazil's success were the following: requiring the auto industry to produce cars using neat or blended biofuels; subsidizing biofuels during market development until economy of scale allowed fair competition with oil products; allowing renewable energy-based independent power producers to compete with traditional utilities in the large electricity market; supporting private ownership of sugar mills, which helps guarantee efficient operations; and stimulating rural activities based on biomass energy to increase employment in rural areas." from Text

Suggested Citation

  • Moreira, Jose Roberto, 2006. "Brazil's experience with bioenergy: bioenergy and agriculture promises and challenges," 2020 vision briefs 14(8), International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • Handle: RePEc:fpr:2020br:14(8)

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fpr:2020br:14(8). See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.