Do immigrant outflows lead to native inflows? An empirical analysis of the migratory responses to US state immigration legislation
I estimate the impact on population and employment for 52 different demographic groups of the recent in?ux of state omnibus immigration laws targeting undocumented immigrants in the United States. I ?nd evidence that while the demographic groups pinpointed as having higher percentages of undocumented individuals certainly experience population and employment ¡¯out?ows¡¯ from states implementing these immigration laws, there is a lack of associated ¡¯in?ows¡¯ for those demographic groups identi?ed by economic theory as being probable substitutes for undocumented immigrants. Several segments designated as probable substitutes actually experience an adverse effect on population and employment. This ?nding provides rigorous empirical backing to existing anecdotal evidence of the same migratory phenomenon, resulting in clear policy implications in relation to the ongoing debate over immigration.
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