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The Effect of Common Ownership on Profits : Evidence From the U.S. Banking Industry

Author

Listed:
  • Jacob P. Gramlich
  • Serafin J. Grundl

Abstract

Theory predicts that "common ownership" (ownership of rivals by a common shareholder) can be anticompetitive because it reduces the weight firms place on their own profits and shifts weight toward rival firms held by common shareholders. In this paper we use accounting data from the banking industry to examine empirically whether shifts in the profit weights are associated with shifts in profits. We present the distribution of a wide range of estimates that vary the specification, sample restrictions, and assumptions used to calculate the profit weights. The distribution of estimates is roughly centered around zero, but we find statistically significant estimates in either direction in some cases. Economically, most estimates are fairly small. Our interpretation of these findings is that there is little evidence for economically important effects of common ownership on profits in the banking industry.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacob P. Gramlich & Serafin J. Grundl, 2018. "The Effect of Common Ownership on Profits : Evidence From the U.S. Banking Industry," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2018-069, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2018-69
    DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2018.069
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    File URL: https://www.federalreserve.gov/econres/feds/files/2018069pap.pdf
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    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Common Ownership: Back to Basics
      by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets on 2019-02-11 14:47:56

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Banking ; Common Ownership ; Competition ; Profits;

    JEL classification:

    • L10 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - General
    • L40 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - General
    • L20 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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