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Identity, Identification and Identifiers : The Global Legal Entity Identifier System


  • Arthur B. Kennickell


Identity is a critical concept in the rational interactions of any set of objects involving subject-object relationships. The objects must be distinguished according to some framework in order for such relationships to have meaning. In the world of economic systems, relationships such as ownership and responsibility require specific parties to be fixed with a high degree of certainty. This need is particularly strong in financial markets, where transactions can take place in nanoseconds. This paper discusses a particular framework for defining economic actors, the Global Legal Entity Identifier System (GLEIS), which was initiated for the purpose of creating greater transparency about participants in financial markets and transactions.

Suggested Citation

  • Arthur B. Kennickell, 2016. "Identity, Identification and Identifiers : The Global Legal Entity Identifier System," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-103, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2016-103 DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2016.103

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ronen, Tavy & Zhou, Xing, 2013. "Trade and information in the corporate bond market," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 61-103.
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    6. Kyle, Albert S, 1985. "Continuous Auctions and Insider Trading," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 53(6), pages 1315-1335, November.
    7. Hendrik Bessembinder & Kathleen M. Kahle & William F. Maxwell & Danielle Xu, 2009. "Measuring Abnormal Bond Performance," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 22(10), pages 4219-4258, October.
    8. Mahanti, Sriketan & Nashikkar, Amrut & Subrahmanyam, Marti & Chacko, George & Mallik, Gaurav, 2008. "Latent liquidity: A new measure of liquidity, with an application to corporate bonds," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 88(2), pages 272-298, May.
    9. Amy K. Edwards & Lawrence E. Harris & Michael S. Piwowar, 2007. "Corporate Bond Market Transaction Costs and Transparency," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 62(3), pages 1421-1451, June.
    10. Jack Bao & Jun Pan & Jiang Wang, 2011. "The Illiquidity of Corporate Bonds," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 66(3), pages 911-946, June.
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    Blog mentions

    As found by, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Managing Risk and Complexity: Legal Entity Identifier
      by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets on 2017-10-30 17:24:28

    More about this item


    Data mapping ; Market participants ; Organizational structure;

    JEL classification:

    • G19 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Other
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • B41 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Economic Methodology - - - Economic Methodology
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access

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