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Le "risque judiciaire" et les licenciements en France : le point de vue de l’économie du risque

  • Eric Langlais

Le droit du licenciement expose-t-il les entreprises françaises à un "risque judiciaire"? L’article discute les arguments des différentes thèses (Blanchard et Tirole (2003), Cahuc et Kramarz (2004), Munoz-Perez et Serverin (2005)) en interprétant les informations empiriques disponibles relatives aux décisions des salariés (acceptation/contestation) et des entreprises (choix du motif de licenciement) à partir des instruments de l’économie du risque. Nous montrons que l’analyse des données relatives aux recours devant les Prud’Hommes suggère de la part des salariés une attitude nettement moins riscophobe (voire clairement riscophile) que celle habituellement révélée sur les marchés du risque. Par ailleurs, nous montrons que le licenciement pour motif personnel n’apparait comme systématiquement préférable au motif économique que dans la mesure où les entreprises sont supposées riscophobes. A l’inverse, la comparaison du coût anticipé d’un licenciement entre le motif économique et le motif personnel apparait très sensible aux hypothèses concernant l’ancienneté du salarié, le taux de rejet du salarié devant les Prud’Hommes, ou le coût indirect du licenciement.

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File URL: http://www.univ-nancy2.fr/CEREFIGE/realisations/cahiers/cahier2008/E%20LANGLAIS%202008%2007.pdf
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Paper provided by CEREFIGE (Centre Europeen de Recherche en Economie Financiere et Gestion des Entreprises), Universite de Lorraine in its series Cahiers du CEREFIGE with number 0807.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 2008
Date of revision: 2008
Handle: RePEc:fie:wpaper:0807
Contact details of provider: Postal: Pôle Lorrain de Gestion, 13 rue Michel Ney, 54 000 Nancy
Phone: 03.83.39.63.91
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Web page: http://repec.cerefige.univ-lorraine.frEmail:


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  1. Francis Kramarz & Marie-Laure Michaud, 2002. "The Shape of Hiring and Separation Costs," Working Papers 2002-38, Centre de Recherche en Economie et Statistique.
  2. Ichino, Andrea & Polo, Michele & Rettore, Enrico, 2003. "Are judges biased by labor market conditions?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(5), pages 913-944, October.
  3. Farmer, Amy & Pecorino, Paul, 2002. "Pretrial bargaining with self-serving bias and asymmetric information," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 163-176, June.
  4. Farmer, Amy & Pecorino, Paul, 1994. "Pretrial negotiations with asymmetric information on risk preferences," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 273-281, September.
  5. Tversky, Amos & Wakker, Peter, 1995. "Risk Attitudes and Decision Weights," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 63(6), pages 1255-80, November.
  6. Farber, Henry S & Bazerman, Max H, 1987. "Why Is There Disagreement in Bargaining?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(2), pages 347-52, May.
  7. Abowd, John M. & Kramarz, Francis, 2003. "The costs of hiring and separations," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 499-530, October.
  8. Tversky, Amos & Kahneman, Daniel, 1992. " Advances in Prospect Theory: Cumulative Representation of Uncertainty," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 5(4), pages 297-323, October.
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