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Tourism Immiserization: Fact or Fiction?

Author

Listed:
  • Nishaal Gooroochurn

    (Nottingham University Business School)

  • Adam Blake

    (Nottingham University Business School)

Abstract

Tourism plays a major part in the development strategies of both developing and developed countries because of the alleged potential of generating foreign exchange, economic growth and welfare enhancement (Sinclair and Stabler, 1997; Sinclair, 1988). Consequently, in several countries a considerable amount of resources is allocated to further promote the tourism sector in a hope of reaping more economic benefits. However, it is still debatable whether tourism is beneficial for the tourist-receiving country or not. While empirical studies (Adams and Parmenter, 1994; Zhou et al., 1996, Baaijens et al., 1998; Blake, 2000; Blake et. al., 2003; Dwyer et al., 2003), argue that tourism expansion is beneficial to the economy, theoretical studies (Copeland, 1991; Chen and Devereux, 1999; Hazari and Nowak, 2003; Hazari et al., 2003; Nowak et al., 2003) posit that tourism expansion can be immiserizing. This paper critically reviews the theoretical and empirical literature to identify the sources via which tourism expansion can benefit or harm the economy. The issues are then empirically investigated using a CGE model for Mauritius to identify the conditions under which tourism expansion can be immiserizing.

Suggested Citation

  • Nishaal Gooroochurn & Adam Blake, 2005. "Tourism Immiserization: Fact or Fiction?," Working Papers 2005.143, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  • Handle: RePEc:fem:femwpa:2005.143
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    Cited by:

    1. Nishaal Gooroochurn, 2009. "Optimal Commodity Taxation in the Presence of Tourists," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(2), pages 197-209.
    2. Emilio Pineda & Paul Cashin & Yan M Sun, 2009. "Assessing Exchange Rate Competitiveness in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union," IMF Working Papers 09/78, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Nuno Baetas da Silva & João Sousa Andrade & António Portugal Duarte, 2016. "Alternative Sources of Dutch Disease: A Survey of the Literature," GEMF Working Papers 2016-10, GEMF, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tourism; Immiserization; Welfare; Economic growth;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • Q26 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources

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