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Inflation Persistence: Is It Similar in the New EU Member States and the Euro Area Members?

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Abstract

Inflation persistence has been put forward as one of the potential reasons of divergence among euro area members. It has also been proposed that the new EU Member States (NMS) may struggle with even higher persistence due to convergence factors. We argue that persistence may not be as different between the two country groups as one might expect. However, this empirical result can only be obtained if the adequate estimation methods, reflecting the scope of the convergence process the NMS went through, are applied. We emphasize that a time-varying mean models suggest similar or lower inflation persistence for the NMS compared to euro area countries while more traditional parametric statistical measures assuming a constant mean deliver substantially higher persistence estimates for the NMS than for the euro area countries. This difference is due to frequent breaks in inflation time series in the NMS. Structural persistence measures show that backward-looking behavior may be a more important component in explaining inflation dynamics in the NMS than in the euro area countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Michal Franta & Branislav Saxa & Katerina Smidkova, 2008. "Inflation Persistence: Is It Similar in the New EU Member States and the Euro Area Members?," Working Papers IES 2008/25, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Oct 2008.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:wpaper:wp2008_25
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    File URL: http://ies.fsv.cuni.cz/default/file/download/id/9070
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    Cited by:

    1. Daniela Milučká, 2014. "Inflation dynamics in the Czech Republic: Estimation of the New Keynesian Phillips curve," International Journal of Economic Sciences, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2014(2), pages 53-70.

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    Keywords

    inflation persistence; new hybrid Phillips curve; new member states; time-varying mean;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models

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