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Environmental Impacts of the French Final Consumption


  • Laurent Meunier

    () (Economics Department of the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME))

  • Frédéric Gilbert

    () (Ecole des Ponts ParisTech)

  • Eric Vidalenc

    () (Economics Department of the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME))


In order to fight against climate change, ambitious targets have been set, such as decreasing carbon emissions by 75% in France compared to 1990. Yet, focusing on territorial impacts leads to overlook import-embedded impacts. As a matter of fact, French territorial greenhouse gases (henceforth GHG) emissions have slightly decreased since 1990, whereas consumption-based emissions have been shown to increase. This is why we focus in this paper on consumption-based emissions rather than territorial emissions. Moreover, our analysis is not carbon-emissions focused. Indeed, the following environmental impacts are taken into account: air acidification, photochemical oxidation and non-dangerous industrial wastes. This a first contribution. Secondly, we build a scenario of French households final consumption in 2030 aiming at decreasing its environmental impacts. Finally, a deep matrix algebra analysis gives us precious hints on the reliability of the results.

Suggested Citation

  • Laurent Meunier & Frédéric Gilbert & Eric Vidalenc, 2015. "Environmental Impacts of the French Final Consumption," Policy Papers 2015.06, FAERE - French Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:fae:ppaper:2015.06

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    input-output analysis; environmental externalities; scenario analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming

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