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Inflação e Défice Orçamental: Que Relação em Portugal?


  • Agostinho S. Rosa

    () (Department of Economics, University of Évora)


Os principais determinantes da variação da inflação no período 1954-95 parecem ser a inflação externa (ou a sua variação) e a variação da taxa de câmbio efectiva do escudo. Verifica-se uma relação de longo prazo entre a taxa de inflação e a taxa de variação dos custos unitários de trabalho quase unitária, mas a resposta da variação da inflação ao erro de equilíbrio entre a taxa de inflação e a variação dos custos unitários é lenta e quase insignificante ao passo que a resposta dos custos unitários de trabalho a esse desequilíbrio é rápida e significativa o que sugere que a direcção de causalidade é muito mais pronunciada da taxa de inflação para os custos de trabalho, do que ao contrário. Isto parece significar que os salários se ajustam imediatamente ao crescimento da inflação, enquanto a inflação se ajusta lentamente ao crescimento dos salários. O saldo do Sector Público Administrativo em percentagem do PIB (SPA) não é significativo na relação de curto prazo, na equação da inflação, no entanto, é significativo na equação dos custos unitários de trabalho, o que pode implicar relação positiva indirecta entre a variação da inflação e o défice orçamental desfasado.

Suggested Citation

  • Agostinho S. Rosa, 2005. "Inflação e Défice Orçamental: Que Relação em Portugal?," Economics Working Papers 17_2005, University of Évora, Department of Economics (Portugal).
  • Handle: RePEc:evo:wpecon:17_2005

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Inflação; Saldo Orçamental; Raízes Unitárias; Cointegração;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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