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Réduction du temps de travail, coût du travail, chômage et inégalités : une revue de la littérature


  • Fabrice Gilles

    () (Centre d’Etudes de l’Emploi et Université d’Evry Val d’Essonne, EPEE)


L’objectif de ce document est de donner un aperçu des effets théoriques attendus d’une baisse de la durée du travail sur le chômage et les inégalités. Il s’appuie sur une littérature qui va des modèles statiques de demandes de travail à un facteur — les services du travail — jusqu’ aux modèles d’équilibre général distinguant les salariés par leur qualification. Un accompagnement d’une poli- tique de réduction du temps de travail (RTT) par des mesures fiscales visant à baisser le coût du travail est aussi considéré. La principale conclusion du papier est que la politique de RTT a des effets incertains sur l’emploi et le chômage quel que soit le cadre d’analyse dans lequel on se situe. Par ailleurs, d’autres mesures de relance de l’emploi telles des subventions à l’embauche lui semblent préférables.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabrice Gilles, 2007. "Réduction du temps de travail, coût du travail, chômage et inégalités : une revue de la littérature," Documents de recherche 07-11, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:eve:wpaper:07-11

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    worksharing; tax cuts; wages; employment; unemployment; inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy


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