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Une analyse empirique des effets du passage aux 35 heures sur la durée d’utilisation des équipements productifs

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  • Fabrice Gilles

    () (Centre d’Etudes de l’Emploi et Université d’Evry Val d’Essonne, EPEE)

Abstract

Lors de politiques de réduction du temps de travail (RTT), l’importance de l’évolution de la durée d’utilisation des équipements (DUE) dans les créations d’emploi a souvent été discuté, tant dans les travaux théoriques purs que dans les exercices de simulations numériques à partir maquettes macroéconomiques. Sur la base des informations issues de l’enquête sur la DUE (Banque de France, 1989-2004) sur l’organisation du travail au sein des entreprises industrielles et à partir du fichier de suivi des accords-conventions de RTT (DARES, version de 2003), le présent document évalue l’impact du passage aux 35 heures sur la DUE et le recours au travail en équipes en utilisant la méthode de la double différence. Les résultats sont les suivants. La RTT a occasionné en 2000 une baisse de la DUE de 4 à 10 points de pourcentage dans les entreprises aux 35 heures par rapport aux autres entreprises. En 2001 par contre, l’évolution de la DUE semble avoir été de même ampleur dans les deux types de firmes. En outre, si un recours accru au travail posté a été observé dans les entreprises aux 35 heures en 2001, il est davantage à mettre au crédit des différences de caractéristiques organisationnelles séparant les entreprises passées aux 35 heures des autres entreprises.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabrice Gilles, 2007. "Une analyse empirique des effets du passage aux 35 heures sur la durée d’utilisation des équipements productifs," Documents de recherche 07-10, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:eve:wpaper:07-10
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    File URL: http://epee.univ-evry.fr/RePEc/2007/07-10.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    working time reduction; capital operating time; shiftwork; causal effect; difference in diffences models;

    JEL classification:

    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy

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