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Consumption and Debt Dynamics with (Rarely Binding) Borrowing Constraints


  • Alexis Anagnostopoulos


This paper examines consumption and savings dynamics in a standard model of incomplete markets. Existence of equilibrium requires the imposition of exogenous debt limits but these are often ignored because of the computational difficulties that arise in models with occasionally binding constraints. I claim that borrowing constraints have a significant qualitative and quantitative effect on equilibrium allocations even if they rarely bind. Contrary to standard results in the literature, debt exhibits mean reversion, consumption responds strongly to idiosyncratic income shocks and interest rates respond to both aggregate and idiosyncratic innovations in income. The implication is that market incompleteness can generate much lower consumption correlations than was previously thought.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexis Anagnostopoulos, 2004. "Consumption and Debt Dynamics with (Rarely Binding) Borrowing Constraints," Economics Working Papers ECO2004/34, European University Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2004/34

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    Cited by:

    1. Katrin Rabitsch, 2014. "An Incomplete Markets Explanation to the UIP Puzzle," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp171, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
    2. Rabitsch, Katrin, 2016. "An incomplete markets explanation of the UIP puzzle," FinMaP-Working Papers 53, Collaborative EU Project FinMaP - Financial Distortions and Macroeconomic Performance: Expectations, Constraints and Interaction of Agents.
    3. Rabitsch, Katrin, 2014. "An Incomplete Markets Explanation to the UIP Puzzle," Department of Economics Working Paper Series 4109, WU Vienna University of Economics and Business.
    4. Prades, Elvira & Rabitsch, Katrin, 2012. "Capital liberalization and the US external imbalance," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 36-49.

    More about this item


    Incomplete markets; consumption/savings dynamics; non-linear dynamic methods;

    JEL classification:

    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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