IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Liberalisation of the Energy Sector in the European Union


  • Guido Pepermans

    () (K.U.Leuven, C.E.S., Energy, Transport and Environment
    K.U.Leuven, Energy Institute)

  • Stef Proost

    () (K.U.Leuven, C.E.S., Energy, Transport and Environment)


The energy sector covers the coal, oil, gas and electricity sector. The European coal and oil sector have already been liberalised in the past. The current debate concerns mainly the electricity and the gas sector. In this paper we will concentrate on the electricity sector for three reasons. First, the sector is more important in terms of value added, secondly it is considered to be more complex and, finally, the opening of the electricity market precedes that of the gas market. Obviously, this does not mean that the gas sector should not be studied as there are many challenges left. In section II, we discuss the institutional background for the liberalisation. Section III then analyses the British experience. This is of interest because the UK has liberalised its market about 10 years ago and this experience has been the subject of extensive economic research. In the sections IV to VII, we focus on the four main problems in the liberalisation of the European electricity market: the stranded costs issue, the cross-subsidies issue, the pricing of transmission and the regulation of the environment. Finally, section VIII concludes.

Suggested Citation

  • Guido Pepermans & Stef Proost, 2000. "The Liberalisation of the Energy Sector in the European Union," Energy, Transport and Environment Working Papers Series ete0003, KU Leuven, Department of Economics - Research Group Energy, Transport and Environment.
  • Handle: RePEc:ete:etewps:ete0003

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Constanza Fosco Perea Muñoz & Eduardo Saavedra, "undated". "Mercados de Gas Natual: Análisis Comparado de la Experiencia Internacional," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv150, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
    2. François Coppens & David Vivet, 2004. "Liberalisation of network industries : Is the electricity sector an exception to the rule?," Working Paper Document 59, National Bank of Belgium.
    3. Christian Huveneers, 2005. "Working Paper 09-05 - Réforme du marché de l’électricité en Belgique. Leçons de l’Espagne, de l’Allemagne et de la Grande-Bretagne," Working Papers 0509, Federal Planning Bureau, Belgium.

    More about this item

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ete:etewps:ete0003. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (library EBIB). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.