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Snakes, Ladders and Traps: Changing Lives and Livelihoods in Rural Bangladesh (1994-2001)


  • Naila Kabeer



This paper examines national-level explanations for poverty decline in Bangladesh in micro-level detail, in order to better understand the nature of the causalities at work and why some households have gained, while others have failed to gain, in the processes of change involved. The analysis is based on empirical data on the lives and livelihoods of rural households in two locations: Chandina thana in Comilla district and Modhupur thana in Tangail district. The data is drawn from panel data on 1184 household in 1994 and 2001, and qualitative data collected by the author at various points during the period covered by the study. The paper demonstrates that the distribution of ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ is not determined purely by chance; it also reflects differences in endowments and efforts.

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  • Naila Kabeer, 2010. "Snakes, Ladders and Traps: Changing Lives and Livelihoods in Rural Bangladesh (1994-2001)," Working Papers id:2385, eSocialSciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:ess:wpaper:id:2385
    Note: Institutional Papers

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Farber, Stephen, 1987. "The value of coastal wetlands for protection of property against hurricane wind damage," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 143-151, June.
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