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International Production Networks in Machinery Industries: Structure and Its Evolution


  • Fukunari KIMURA

    (Faculty of Economics, Keio University, Japan , Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), Indonesia)

  • Ayako OBASHI

    (Faculty of Economics, Keio University, Japan)


This paper intensively employs annual international trade statistics obtained from the UN Comtrade and examines to what degree East Asian countries have participated in global production networks in comparison with countries in other regions and whether East Asia’s intra-regional trade in machinery is different from extra-regional trade and transactions by other regions. It provides strong evidence of the formation of East Asian production networks, particularly in the form of expansion of exports and imports of parts & components, often ICT-related. It also traces the development of intra-regional markets of both parts & components and finished products since 2000.

Suggested Citation

  • Fukunari KIMURA & Ayako OBASHI, 2010. "International Production Networks in Machinery Industries: Structure and Its Evolution," Working Papers DP-2010-09, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
  • Handle: RePEc:era:wpaper:dp-2010-09

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Deardorff, Alan V., 2001. "Fragmentation in simple trade models," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 121-137, July.
    2. Siow Yue Chia & Song Hong & Stephen Howes & Paul Wyrwoll & Vo Hai Minh & Sun Xuegong & Saroj Kumar Mohanty & Tulus T.H Tambunan & Somchai Jitsuchon & Larry Strange & Chang Jae Lee & Zhang Yunling & Mi, . "Moving Toward A New Development Model For East Asia-The Role of Domestic Policy and Regional Cooperation," Books, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), number 2011-rpr-10 edited by Zhang Yunling & Fukunari Kimura & Sothea Oum.
    3. Mitsuyo Ando & Fukunari Kimura, 2005. "The Formation of International Production and Distribution Networks in East Asia," NBER Chapters,in: International Trade in East Asia, NBER-East Asia Seminar on Economics, Volume 14, pages 177-216 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Baldwin, Richard, 2011. "21st century regionalism: Filling the gap between 21st century trade and 20th century trade rules," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2011-08, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    5. Ando, Mitsuyo & Kimura, Fukunari, 2013. "Production Linkage of Asia and Europe via Central and Eastern Europe," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 28, pages 204-240.
    6. Ando, Mitsuyo, 2006. "Fragmentation and vertical intra-industry trade in East Asia," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 257-281, December.
    7. Kimura, Fukunari & Ando, Mitsuyo, 2005. "Two-dimensional fragmentation in East Asia: Conceptual framework and empirics," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 317-348.
    8. Mitsuyo Ando & Sven W. Arndt & Fukunari Kimura, 2006. "Production Networks in East Asia : Strategic Behavior by Japanese and U.S. firms," Microeconomics Working Papers 21886, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Kazunobu Hayakawa, 2014. "Bilateral tariff rates in international trade: finished goods versus intermediate goods," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 353-370, September.
    2. repec:eee:jeborg:v:145:y:2018:i:c:p:34-51 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ganeshan Wignaraja & Jens Krüger & Anna Mae Tuazon, 2013. "Production Networks, Profits, and Innovative Activity : Evidence from Malaysia and Thailand," Microeconomics Working Papers 23391, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    4. Desmarchelier, Benoît & Regis, Paulo José & Salike, Nimesh, 2018. "Product space and the development of nations: A model of product diversification," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 145(C), pages 34-51.
    5. KUNO Arata & URATA Shujiro & YOKOTA Kazuhiko, 2016. "Estimating the Impacts of FTA on Foreign Trade: An analysis of extensive and intensive trade margins for the Japan-Mexico FTA," Discussion papers 16003, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    6. Türkcan, Kemal, 2016. "On the role of vertical differentiation in enhancing survival of export flows: Evidence from a developing country," MPRA Paper 71023, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Kimura, Fukunari & Obashi, Ayako, 2011. "Production Networks in East Asia: What We Know So Far," ADBI Working Papers 320, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    8. Tomohiro MACHIKITA & Yasushi UEKI, 2013. "Who Disseminates Technology to Whom, How, and Why: Evidence from Buyer-Seller Business Networks," Working Papers DP-2013-26, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
    9. Toshihiro KUDO & Satoru KUMAGAI & So UMEZAKI, 2013. "Making Myanmar the Star Growth Performer in ASEAN in the Next Decade: A Proposal of Five Growth Strategies," Working Papers DP-2013-19, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
    10. Türkcan, Kemal & Saygili, Hülya, 2017. "On the role of vertical differentiation in enhancing the survival of export flows: Evidence from a developing country," Economics Discussion Papers 2017-81, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    11. Daniel Saslavsky & Ben Shepherd, 2014. "Facilitating international production networks: The role of trade logistics," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(7), pages 979-999, October.
    12. Taguchi, Hiroyuki & Nozaki, Kenji, 2014. "Regional connectivity in continental ASEAN," MPRA Paper 64410, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Ayako Obashi & Fukunari Kimura, 2017. "Deepening and Widening of Production Networks in ASEAN," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 16(1), pages 1-27, Winter/Sp.
    14. Hiro Lee & Ken Itakura, 2015. "Applied General Equilibrium Analysis of Mega-Regional Free Trade Initiatives in the Asia-Pacific," OSIPP Discussion Paper 15E001, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University.
    15. Tomohiro Machikita & Yasushi Ueki, 2011. "Interactive Learning-driven Innovation in Upstream-Downstream Relations: Evidence from Mutual Exchanges of Engineers in Developing Economies," Working Papers DP-2011-10, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
    16. Huang, Yanghua & Salike, Nimesh & Zhong, Feiteng, 2017. "Policy effect on structural change: A case of Chinese intermediate goods trade," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 30-47.
    17. Kudo, Toshihiro & Kumagai, Satoru & Umezaki, So, 2013. "Five growth strategies for Myanmar : re-engagement with the global economy," IDE Discussion Papers 427, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    18. Hiro Lee & Ken Itakura, 2014. "TPP, RCEP, and Japan's Agricultural Policy Reforms," OSIPP Discussion Paper 14E003, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University.

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