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A short analysis on the stricter European regulations on tropical hardwood imports and their side effects

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Marc Roda

    (CIRAD)

  • Eric J.M.M. Aretz

    (Alterra)

  • Hin Fui Lim

    (FRIM)

Abstract

This paper analyses the side effects of the stricter regulation on tropical hardwood or timber imports. It considers the place of Europe within the global timber market, where Europe accounts only for a very limited share. It also explains the high selectivity of European markets, with its consequences. While tropical wooden furniture and other secondary processed products are not considered as timber here, their question is also discussed. The number of empirical studies specifically dealing with the side effects of EU regulations is limited, but the results are converging, showing that these regulations have a general adverse effect, contrary to the initial aim of promoting the sustainability of tropical timbers. These side effects are essentially to divert the trade towards countries with lower standards, and to add a burden on most of the producing countries which have already a set of comparative disadvantages for the production of legal or sustainable timber. The effects are positive on a limited number of companies which markets are very dependent of Europe. The question is then analysed from a broader perspective, replacing the effects of the EU regulations as an incidental factor compared to the increasing consumption of tropical timber by the three developing giants: Brazil, India and China.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Marc Roda & Eric J.M.M. Aretz & Hin Fui Lim, 2007. "A short analysis on the stricter European regulations on tropical hardwood imports and their side effects," Working Papers 40403, CIRAD, Forest department, UPR40, revised Jul 2007.
  • Handle: RePEc:epf:wpaper:40403
    Note: EC Project "Eforwood"
    as

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    File URL: http://hal.cirad.fr/cirad-00194212/en/
    File Function: First version, 2007
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    Keywords

    timber trade; trade regulation; environmental regulation; Europe; tropical timber; tropical hardwwod; side effect; adverse effect;

    JEL classification:

    • L73 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Forest Products
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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