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Variety gains of trade integration in a heterogeneous firm model

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  • d'Artis Kancs
  • Jan Van Hove

Abstract

The present paper studies the variety gains from trade integration. Applying a heterogenous firm model we simulate trade liberalisation in alternative integration scenarios, where per unit trade costs, fixed trade costs and both of them are reduced. The main innovation of our paper is that we estimate the structural parameters of the underlying heterogenous firm model econometrically based on a unique firm level panel data, which contains more than 250,000 observations for exporting firms. Our results suggest that the variety gains from trade integration are substantial. Reducing trade barriers by 15 percent induces variety growth, as a result of which the gains from trade integration are up to 17 percent higher than classical trade models would predict.

Suggested Citation

  • d'Artis Kancs & Jan Van Hove, 2010. "Variety gains of trade integration in a heterogeneous firm model," EERI Research Paper Series EERI_RP_2010_34, Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels.
  • Handle: RePEc:eei:rpaper:eeri_rp_2010_34
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    File URL: http://www.eeri.eu/documents/wp/EERI_RP_2010_34.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. d'Artis Kancs, 2010. "Structural Estimation of Variety Gains from Trade Integration in Asia," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 43(3), pages 270-288.
    2. Victor Rivas, 2012. "Structural Estimation of Variety Gains from Trade Integration in a Heterogeneous Firms Framework," Journal of Economics and Econometrics, Economics and Econometrics Society, vol. 55(2), pages 78-93.
    3. James Anderson, 2001. "Migration, FDI, and the Margins of Trade," EERI Research Paper Series EERI_RP_2001_05, Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels.
    4. Movahedi, Mohammad, 2013. "Le commerce international, l’adoption de l’innovation et le choix de l’entrée-sortie à l’exportation des firmes
      [International trade, innovation adoption and export entry-exit choice of the firms]
      ," MPRA Paper 44268, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 01 Jan 2014.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Variety gains; extensive margin; structural estimation; trade integration; heterogenous firms.;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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