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Las tasas de paro regionales españolas: convergencia o polarización


  • Melchor Fernandez

    () (IDEGA, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela)

  • Victor Montuenga

    (University of Zaragoza)

  • Roberto Bande

    () (IDEGA, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela)


The aim of this paper is to present a systematic and detailed account regarding the behavior of Spanish regional unemployment rates throughout the last two decades of the 20th century. In a first approach we use descriptive techniques that allow to confirm the existence, and especially the persistence, of regional differences through time. Next, we use statistical techniques to asses if a convergence process has taken place, or alternatively, a polarization tendency is observed in the Spanish case. The main conclusion of the paper is that a weak convergence processes in the regional unemployment rate is consistent with a stronger polarization effect, that does not affect the whole set of Spanish regions. In Spain two clusters of regions are identified, with opposite unemployment behaviors: those regions in the Ebro axis and Balearic Islands show unemployment rates below the national average, while the other cluster shows values 1,5 times greater than this average. Furthermore, a third group is converging towards the national average. These differences imply that the conclusions regarding a convergence or divergence process in Spain may be taken with caution.

Suggested Citation

  • Melchor Fernandez & Victor Montuenga & Roberto Bande, 2009. "Las tasas de paro regionales españolas: convergencia o polarización," Documentos de trabajo - Analise Economica 0040, IDEGA - Instituto Universitario de Estudios e Desenvolvemento de Galicia.
  • Handle: RePEc:edg:anecon:0040

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    Cited by:

    1. Roberto Bande Ramudo & Melchor Fernández Fernández & Víctor Montuenga Gómez, 2011. "Wage flexibility and local labour markets: homogeneity of the wage curve in Spain," Documentos de trabajo - Analise Economica 0044, IDEGA - Instituto Universitario de Estudios e Desenvolvemento de Galicia.

    More about this item


    paro; convergencia; polarización; Kernel; cluster;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population


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