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Valoración de empresas por descuento de flujos: Diez métodos y siete teorías

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  • Fernandez, Pablo

    () (IESE Business School)

Abstract

Este documento es un compendio de los métodos y teorías más utilizados para valorar empresas por descuento de flujos. Los diez métodos descritos son: flujos para las acciones descontados a la rentabilidad exigida a las acciones; free cash flow descontado al WACC; capital cash flows descontados al WACC antes de impuestos; APV (adjusted present value); free cash flows ajustados al riesgo del negocio descontados a la rentabilidad exigida a los activos; cash flows disponibles para las acciones ajustados al riesgo del negocio descontados a la rentabilidad exigida a los activos; beneficio económico descontado a la rentabilidad exigida a las acciones; EVA descontado al WACC; free cash flows ajustados descontados a la tasa libre de riesgo, y cash flows disponibles para las acciones ajustados descontados a la tasa libre de riesgo. Los diez métodos proporcionan siempre el mismo valor. Este resultado es lógico, porque todos los métodos analizan la misma realidad bajo las mismas hipótesis; sólo difieren en los flujos que toman como punto de partida para la valoración. También se muestran siete teorías sobre el valor del ahorro de impuestos debido a los intereses (VTS) y su impacto en la valoración.

Suggested Citation

  • Fernandez, Pablo, 2008. "Valoración de empresas por descuento de flujos: Diez métodos y siete teorías," IESE Research Papers D/766, IESE Business School.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebg:iesewp:d-0766
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    Keywords

    descuento flujos; valoración; tasa descuento;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics

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