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Shareholder value creators and shareholder value destroyers in USA. Year 2001


  • Fernandez, Pablo

    () (IESE Business School)

  • Reinoso, Laura

    () (IESE Business School)


In this paper, we quantify shareholder value creation for 276 American companies. We provide the created shareholder value for each and every company for years 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001. The market value of the 276 companies was 8,716 billion dollars in 2001 and 9,729 billion dollars in 2000. We define created shareholder value and provide the ranking of created shareholder value for the 276 companies. In 2001 Microsoft was the leading shareholder value creator and, on the other end of the spectrum, Cisco was the top shareholder value destroyer. We also calculate the cumulative created shareholder value of selected American companies during the four-year period 1998-2001. Wal-Mart Stores was number one in created shareholder value during the four-year period 1998-2001. We also claim that EVA does not properly measure Wealth Creation. We have compared the EVA calculated by Stern Stewart and Co with the created shareholder value of 269 companies. The correlation of EVA with created shareholder value was only 17.66%. 60 companies had negative EVA and positive created shareholder value. 64 companies had positive EVA and negative created shareholder value. On average, the difference of shareholder value creation minus EVA was -434% of EVA. The absolute value of the difference of shareholder value creation minus EVA was 8972% of EVA. With this evidence, we conclude that EVA does not properly measure Wealth Creation

Suggested Citation

  • Fernandez, Pablo & Reinoso, Laura, 2003. "Shareholder value creators and shareholder value destroyers in USA. Year 2001," IESE Research Papers D/485, IESE Business School.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebg:iesewp:d-0485

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    shareholder value creation; created shareholder value; equity market value; shareholder value added; shareholder return; required return to equity; EVA;

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • M21 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics - - - Business Economics

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