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Income Distributions, Inequality, and Poverty in Asia, 1992–2010

Author

Listed:
  • Duangkamon Chotikapanich

    (Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI))

  • William E. Griffiths
  • D. S. Prasada Rao
  • Wasana Karunarathne

Abstract

Income distributions for developing countries in Asia are modeled using beta-2 distributions, which are estimated by a method of moments procedure applied to grouped data. Estimated parameters of these distributions are used to calculate measures of inequality, poverty, and pro-poor growth in four time periods over 1992–2010. Changes in these measures are examined for 11 countries, with a major focus on the People’s Republic of China (PRC), India, and Indonesia, which are separated into rural and urban regions. We find that the PRC has grown rapidly with increasing inequality accompanying this growth. India has been relatively stagnant. Indonesia has grown rapidly after suffering an initial set back from the Asian financial crisis in 1997.

Suggested Citation

  • Duangkamon Chotikapanich & William E. Griffiths & D. S. Prasada Rao & Wasana Karunarathne, 2014. "Income Distributions, Inequality, and Poverty in Asia, 1992–2010," Development Economics Working Papers 24045, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:develo:24045
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    File URL: http://www.eaber.org/node/24045
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    Keywords

    Income Distribution; developing Asia; Pro-poor Growth; method of moments; Inequality; poverty;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C16 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Econometric and Statistical Methods; Specific Distributions
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

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