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Sales Tax: Specific or Ad Valorem Tax for a Non-renewable Resource?

  • Nguyen Manh Hung


    (D�partement �conomique, Universit� Laval, Quebec, Canada G1W 4R9)

  • Nguyen Van Quyen


    (D�partement de science �conomique, Universit� d'Ottawa, 55 Laurier E, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1N 6N5)

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    This paper shows that for a time-independent specific tax and a time-independent ad valorem tax that induce the same competitive equilibrium in the Hotelling model of resource extraction, the ad valorem tax yields a higher level of discounted tax revenues than the specific tax. Moreover, given the same level of discounted tax revenues, the ad valorem tax also yields a higher level of social welfare. Finally, for the time-dependent schedules of optimal ad valorem tax and optimal specific tax, we show that when appropriately set, they are equivalent in implementing the dynamic social optimum and providing the same discounted tax revenues.

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    Paper provided by Development and Policies Research Center (DEPOCEN), Vietnam in its series Working Papers with number 03.

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    Length: 13 pages
    Date of creation: 2009
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dpc:wpaper:0309
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