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Competition and efficiency: overseas students and technical efficiency in Australian and New Zealand universities

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  • Doucouliagos, Chris (Hristos)
  • Abbott, Malcolm

Abstract

Economic theory suggests that competitive pressures will impact on organisational efficiency. In recent years, universities in Australia and New Zealand have faced increased competition for students. The aim of this paper is to explore the efficiency of Australian and New Zealand public universities and to investigate the impact of competition for students from overseas on efficiency. Output distance functions are estimated using panel data for the period 1995-2002 for Australia and 1997-2003 for New Zealand. The results show that competition for overseas students has led to increased efficiency in Australian universities. However, competition for overseas students appears to have had no effect on efficiency in New Zealand.
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Suggested Citation

  • Doucouliagos, Chris (Hristos) & Abbott, Malcolm, 2007. "Competition and efficiency: overseas students and technical efficiency in Australian and New Zealand universities," Working Papers eco_2007_09, Deakin University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:dkn:econwp:eco_2007_09
    DOI: 10.1080/09645290701773433
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09645290701773433
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Catherine J. Morrison Paul & Warren E. Johnston & Gerald A. G. Frengley, 2000. "Efficiency in New Zealand Sheep and Beef Farming: The Impacts of Regulatory Reform," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(2), pages 325-337, May.
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    5. Malcolm Abbott & Hristos Doucouliagos, 2004. "Research output of Australian universities," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 251-265.
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