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Hard and Soft Locational Factors, Innovativeness and Firm Performance: An Empirical Test of Porter's Diamond Model at the Micro-Level

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  • Alexander Eickelpasch
  • Anna Lejpras
  • Andreas Stephan

Abstract

This paper investigates predictions of Porter's Diamond model regarding the impact of locational factors on innovativeness and performance at the firm level. We formulate a structural equation model based on the relationships between locational conditions, e.g., transportation infrastructure, proximity to universities and research institutes, qualified labour, on the one hand, and innovativeness measured by new product or process development, number of patents, and firm performance in terms of market growth or profit assessment, on the other hand. Based on a sample of about 2,100 East German firms, we apply the partial least squares path modelling approach to test the proposed relationships. We find that particularly cooperation intensity at the local level spurs the innovativeness of firms; whereas in contrast to Porter's predictions, our results indicate that strong local competition and a locally focused market appear to impede the innovativeness and performance of firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Eickelpasch & Anna Lejpras & Andreas Stephan, 2007. "Hard and Soft Locational Factors, Innovativeness and Firm Performance: An Empirical Test of Porter's Diamond Model at the Micro-Level," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 723, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp723
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    Cited by:

    1. Jia Liu, 2012. "The Dynamics of Listed SMEs in China," International Journal of the Economics of Business, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(3), pages 421-450, November.
    2. Anna Lejpras & Andreas Stephan, 2011. "Locational conditions, cooperation, and innovativeness: evidence from research and company spin-offs," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 46(3), pages 543-575, June.
    3. repec:spr:anresc:v:59:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s00168-017-0830-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Andreas Stephan, 2011. "Locational conditions and firm performance: introduction to the special issue," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 46(3), pages 487-494, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hard and soft locational factors; innovativeness; firm performance; East German firms; structural equation modelling; partial least squares approach;

    JEL classification:

    • R30 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - General
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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