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Institutionelle Determinanten der Erwerbsarbeit: Zur Notwendigkeit einer Gender-Perspektive in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften


  • Elke Holst


In this paper institutions are understood as rules of individual behavior. The focus is on the impacts of institutions on labor market decisions. Particular points are (1) the methods (or rules) that model individual decisions in neoclassical economics (rational choice approach), (2) implicit rules of behavior generated by gender roles and gender stereo-types and (3) explicit rules of behavior manifested in the legislation of a state. The last point is exemplified by the case of West Germany. In the background of this analysis, the influence of institutions on the allocation of resources is examined. The necessity of a gender view in economics when analyzing the labor supply - especially of women - is discussed on the basis of three theses. Institutionen werden in diesem Beitrag als Regeln menschlichen Handelns begriffen. Im einzelnen geht es um eine Analyse der in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften angewandten Regeln zur Untersuchung individueller Erwerbsentscheidungen (rational choice Ansatz), um Regeln, die in Form von Geschlechterrollen- Stereotypen im Alltagswissen der Gesellschaft bewusst oder unbewusst verankert sind sowie um Verhaltensregeln, die in gesetzliche Form gegossen wurden und das Erwerbsverhalten der Geschlechter beeinflussen (Beispiel Westdeutschland). Im Hintergrund steht dabei die Frage des Einflusses der Regelmechanismen auf die Allokation von Ressourcen. Anhand dreier Thesen wird die Notwendigkeit einer Gender-Perspektive (soziale Konstruktion von Geschlecht) in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften bei Analysen zum Erwerbsangebot - insbesondere dem der Frauen - diskutiert.

Suggested Citation

  • Elke Holst, 2001. "Institutionelle Determinanten der Erwerbsarbeit: Zur Notwendigkeit einer Gender-Perspektive in den Wirtschaftswissenschaften," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 237, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp237

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dingeldey, Irene, 1999. "Begünstigungen und Belastungen familialer Erwerbs- und Arbeitszeitmuster in Steuer- und Sozialversicherungssystemen: Ein Vergleich zehn europäischer Länder," Graue Reihe des Instituts Arbeit und Technik 1999-04, Institut Arbeit und Technik (IAT), Westfälische Hochschule, University of Applied Sciences.
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    Cited by:

    1. Brink, Siegrun & Kriwoluzky, Silke & Bijedic, Teita & Ettl, Kerstin & Welter, Friederike, 2014. "Gender, Innovation und Unternehmensentwicklung," IfM-Materialien 228, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    2. Pfeifer, Christian, 2005. "Betriebliche Determinanten von Teilzeitarbeit, Mini- und Midi-Jobs; Eine theoretische und empirische Analyse mit niedersächsischen Betriebsdaten," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-324, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    3. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:40:i:1:p:65-76 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Pfeifer, Christian, 2007. "Eine theoretische und empirische Analyse der betrieblichen Determinanten von Teilzeitarbeit, Mini- und Midi-Jobs (A theoretical and empirical analysis of the company determinants of part-time work, mi," Zeitschrift für ArbeitsmarktForschung - Journal for Labour Market Research, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany], vol. 40(1), pages 65-76.
    5. Ruta Aidis & Friederike Welter & David Smallbone & Nina Isakova, 2007. "Female entrepreneurship in transition economies: the case of Lithuania and Ukraine," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 157-183.

    More about this item


    Institutions; Labor Market Participation; Rational Choice; Legislation; Gender.;

    JEL classification:

    • B31 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought: Individuals - - - Individuals
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I39 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Other
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination
    • K10 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - General (Constitutional Law)


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