IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Les enfants non scolarisés en milieu urbain : une comparaison des déterminants intra familiaux, inter familiaux et des effets de voisinage dans sept capitales ouest africaines

  • Marie-Hélène Durand

    ()

    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

Registered author(s):

    (english) This cross-country study examines the determinants of school attendance through household surveys conducted the same year in seven West African countries. The aim of this comparison, based on the relatively homogeneous population of urban households living in the capitals, is to look at national differences. We used a tree-level logit model allowing to decompose the unobserved heterogeneity between a within family effect, a between families effect and a neighbourhood effect. The results show that the generalized pattern that explains the out of schooling for all these countries is the discrimination within the family towards some children, namely girls. Although this study has been based on comparable populations with similar rates of schooling the disparities in the impact of household characteristics on child schooling among the countries highlight the importance of the economical and cultural context. Children living in the poorest households are less likely to go to school except for great size families, which seems to indicate different types of family behaviour to cope with limited resources. Large households in Dakar tend to treat their children in a more egalitarian way regarding school attendance but their well being depends on the family income. On the contrary in Cotonou where families are of small size, children of very poor families have the same probability to go to school as wealthier ones and it is above all due to discrimination between children within the family that some of them do not attend school. _________________________________ (français) Cette étude analyse les déterminants de la non-scolarisation des enfants à partir d’enquêtes ménage réalisées la même année dans sept pays francophones ouest africains. La comparaison, restreinte à la population relativement homogène des ménages urbains de la capitale, a pour objectif d’évaluer l’existence de dissimilarités nationales. Nous utilisons un modèle hiérarchique à composantes inobservables permettant de décomposer l’hétérogénéité inobservée entre un effet de discrimination individuelle à l’égard de certains enfants au sein des familles, un effet de demande d’éducation de la part des familles et un effet de voisinage relevant soit de phénomènes d’interactions sociales ou de déficience des infrastructures dans le quartier de résidence des familles. Pour l’ensemble des pays, les résultats montrent que c’est surtout la discrimination à l’encontre de certains enfants au sein de la famille, essentiellement les filles, qui explique l’exclusion de l’école. Bien que cette étude ait été réalisée sur des populations comparables avec des taux de scolarisation moyens assez similaires, il existe entre les différentes capitales une certaine disparité des déterminismes familiaux de la scolarisation des enfants montrant l’importance du contexte économique ou culturel plus général. Les impacts de la pauvreté et de la taille des familles sont alternatifs et semblent relever de deux modes de gestion des contraintes de ressources de la part des familles. Les enfants qui vivent au sein de familles dakaroises sont traités de façon plus égalitaire qu’ailleurs mais leur bien-être est aussi plus qu’ailleurs sensible au revenu de ces familles. Par contre à Cotonou, c’est essentiellement en raison de discriminations qu’une partie des enfants n’est pas scolarisée.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2006/2006-02
    File Function: First version, 2006
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2006/02.

    as
    in new window

    Length: 41 pages
    Date of creation: Jan 2006
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200602
    Contact details of provider: Postal: 4, rue d'Enghien, 75010 Paris
    Phone: + 33 1 53 24 14 50
    Fax: + 33 1 53 24 14 51
    Web page: http://www.dial.ird.fr/
    Email:


    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200602. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Loic Le Pezennec)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.