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What has happened to the urban population in Côte d'Ivoire since the eighties ? An analysis of monetary poverty and deprivation over 15 years of household data


  • Michael Grimm

    () (University of Göttingen, Department of Economics, DIW and DIAL)

  • Charlotte Guénard

    () (DIAL et IEDES)

  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps

    () (DIAL, IRD, Paris)


L'objet de ce travail est d'étudier l'évolution de la pauvreté urbaine en Côte d'Ivoire depuis les années 1980. On s'attache à rendre compte de plusieurs dimensions de la pauvreté, à vérifier, par des techniques de la dominance, la robustesse des tendances observées et à estimer de manière économétrique les déterminants des différentes formes de pauvreté. On montre que la pauvreté de conditions d'existence peut adopter une dynamique différente de celle de la pauvreté monétaire. Sans équivoque, la pauvreté monétaire, après avoir véritablement explosé entre 1985 et 1993, a sensiblement augmenté dans les centres urbains ivoiriens malgré le retour de la croissance. Une approche examinant les conditions d'existence et les capacités des ménages montre, sur la période de croissance, une tendance inverse. _________________________________ This article investigates the evolution of urban poverty in its various dimensions in Côte d'Ivoire since the eighties. The robustness of the results is checked using dominance criteria. An econometric analysis of the determinants of poverty complements the analysis. The study shows that the dynamic of poverty in terms of existence conditions can significantly differ from that of monetary poverty. As was the case in the eighties, monetary poverty increased strongly in the nineties in spite of a return to sustained growth following the devaluation of the CFA Franc. Poverty in terms of existence conditions raised less before the adjustment and even decreased afterwards.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Grimm & Charlotte Guénard & Sandrine Mesplé-Somps, 2001. "What has happened to the urban population in Côte d'Ivoire since the eighties ? An analysis of monetary poverty and deprivation over 15 years of household data," Working Papers DT/2001/14, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200114

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    Cited by:

    1. Melanie Grosse & Kenneth Harttgen & Stephan Klasen, 2006. "Measuring Pro-Poor Progress towards the Non-Income Millennium Development Goals," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 144, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
    2. repec:dau:papers:123456789/13208 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Michael Grimm, 2002. "The medium and long term effects of an expansion of education on poverty in Côte d'Ivoire. A dynamic microsimulation study," Working Papers DT/2002/12, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    4. Michael Grimm & Isabel Günther, 2007. "Growth and Poverty in Burkina Faso: A Reassessment of the Paradox," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 16(1), pages 70-101, January.

    More about this item


    monetary poverty; deprivation; adjustment; Ivory Coast; pauvreté monétaire; pauvreté non monétaire; ajustement Côte d'Ivoire.;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure


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