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What has happened to the urban population in Côte d'Ivoire since the eighties ? An analysis of monetary poverty and deprivation over 15 years of household data

Listed author(s):
  • Michael Grimm


    (University of Göttingen, Department of Economics, DIW and DIAL)

  • Charlotte Guénard


    (DIAL et IEDES)

  • Sandrine Mesplé-Somps


    (DIAL, IRD, Paris)

L'objet de ce travail est d'étudier l'évolution de la pauvreté urbaine en Côte d'Ivoire depuis les années 1980. On s'attache à rendre compte de plusieurs dimensions de la pauvreté, à vérifier, par des techniques de la dominance, la robustesse des tendances observées et à estimer de manière économétrique les déterminants des différentes formes de pauvreté. On montre que la pauvreté de conditions d'existence peut adopter une dynamique différente de celle de la pauvreté monétaire. Sans équivoque, la pauvreté monétaire, après avoir véritablement explosé entre 1985 et 1993, a sensiblement augmenté dans les centres urbains ivoiriens malgré le retour de la croissance. Une approche examinant les conditions d'existence et les capacités des ménages montre, sur la période de croissance, une tendance inverse. _________________________________ This article investigates the evolution of urban poverty in its various dimensions in Côte d'Ivoire since the eighties. The robustness of the results is checked using dominance criteria. An econometric analysis of the determinants of poverty complements the analysis. The study shows that the dynamic of poverty in terms of existence conditions can significantly differ from that of monetary poverty. As was the case in the eighties, monetary poverty increased strongly in the nineties in spite of a return to sustained growth following the devaluation of the CFA Franc. Poverty in terms of existence conditions raised less before the adjustment and even decreased afterwards.

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Paper provided by DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation) in its series Working Papers with number DT/2001/14.

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Length: 32 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2001
Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200114
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