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Italy’s non-negligible cohabitational unions


  • Giuseppe Gabrielli

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Jan M. Hoem

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)


Recent trends in official statistics show strong increases in non-marital cohabitation in younger Italian generations. Moreover, other sources suggest that consensual unions have lasted longer in recent years before they were converted into marriages. In the present paper we consider entry into marriage and entry into cohabitation as competing risks and study whether the (standardized) entry risk for cohabitation has overtaken that for marriage in Italy, much as in countries in Central and Eastern Europe that we have studied in earlier papers. We find that it has not, and conclude that the move toward the Second Demographic Transition has not taken off in Italy. We also find that the rise in the risk of entry into cohabitation is confined to Northern and Central Italy, while the risk of marriage formation has dropped both there and in Southern Italy. Perhaps Italy is a special case in the European context as far as union formation is concerned.

Suggested Citation

  • Giuseppe Gabrielli & Jan M. Hoem, 2008. "Italy’s non-negligible cohabitational unions," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2008-019, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2008-019

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jan M. Hoem & Dora Kostova, 2007. "Early traces of the Second Demographic Transition in Bulgaria: a joint analysis of marital and non-marital union formation," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2007-020, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
    2. Christin Schröder, 2008. "Economic insecurity and cohabitation strategies in Italy," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2008-004, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
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    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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