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Gibt es eine zunehmende bildungsspezifische Polarisierung der Erwerbsmuster von Frauen? Analysen auf Basis der Mikrozensen 1976-2004

Author

Listed:
  • Michaela Kreyenfeld

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Dirk Konietzka

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Esther Geisler

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Sebastian Böhm

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

Abstract

This paper examines the development of female and maternal labor market participation in western Germany. We discuss major forces that contribute to educational differences in female employment behavior. The empirical investigation draws on data from the scientific-use-files of the micro-censuses from the years 1976 to 2004. While part-time and marginal employment rates of mothers have increased in recent years, their full-time employment rates have decreased. Particularly, the least educated mothers show dramatic reductions in their working hours over time. Full-time employment is most common among highly educated mothers and the “dual breadwinner model” is most common among highly educated couples. This finding has major consequences for the concentration of economic resources and inequality between households and families

Suggested Citation

  • Michaela Kreyenfeld & Dirk Konietzka & Esther Geisler & Sebastian Böhm, 2007. "Gibt es eine zunehmende bildungsspezifische Polarisierung der Erwerbsmuster von Frauen? Analysen auf Basis der Mikrozensen 1976-2004," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2007-013, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2007-013
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    File URL: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/papers/working/wp-2007-013.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Klenner, Christina & Pfahl, Svenja, 2008. "Jenseits von Zeitnot und Karriereverzicht: Wege aus dem Arbeitszeitdilemma," WSI Working Papers 158, The Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI), Hans-Böckler-Foundation.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Germany (Alte Bundesländer); breadwinners; education; family forms; female employment; microcensuses;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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