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International Macroeconomic Policy: When Wealth Affects People's Impatience


  • Wang Peng

    (Institute for Advanced Studies, Wuhan University)

  • Heng-fu Zou

    (Institute for Advanced Studies, Wuhan University
    CEMA in Central University of Finance and Economics)


Under a modified neo-classical framework, this paper reexamined the effect of international macroeconomic policies by rejecting the routine assumption of a constant rate of time preference. In the model presented here, we suppose the holdings of real financial wealth will affect people's impatience which has far-reaching implications towards various core issues in international macroeconomics. The introducing of wealth into instantaneous discounting function yields intriguing dynamics of consumption, real balances, and foreign bond holdings. One interesting feature of our model is that stationary rate of time preference no longer necessarily equals real interest rate. We also find that central bank's foreign exchange intervention is not super-neutral even if households capitalize all transfers from the government, which contradicts Obstfeld(1981) in that the distribution of the economy¡¯s claims on the rest of the world between the public and the central bank is relevant to the economic performance. The monetary policy affects the real factors, but how the economy behaves in the long run and in the short run differs a lot from Uzawa(1968) and Obstfeld(1981).

Suggested Citation

  • Wang Peng & Heng-fu Zou, 2012. "International Macroeconomic Policy: When Wealth Affects People's Impatience," CEMA Working Papers 530, China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:cuf:wpaper:530

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Qian WANG & Chunli SHEN & Heng-fu ZOU, 2009. "Local Government Tax Effort In China: An Analysis Of Provincial Tax Performance," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 29, pages 203-236.
    2. Talbot Page & Qinghua Zhang, 2003. "Distortionary, Non-Distortionary, and Distributional Properties of Environmental Taxes: Extension of Sandmo's Observation," Working Papers 2003-11, Brown University, Department of Economics.
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    9. Shouyong Shi, 2001. "Liquidity, Bargaining, and Multiple Equilibria in a Search Monetary Model," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 2(2), pages 325-351, November.
    10. Huang,H. & Padilla,A.J., 1995. "Fiscal Policy and the Sub-Optimality of the Walsh Contract for Central Bankers," Papers 9522, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Y Financieros-.
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    More about this item


    international macroeconomic policy; impatience; foreign exchange; monetary policy;

    JEL classification:

    • D90 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - General
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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