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Demande de travail et élasticité des heures au salaire

Author

Listed:
  • Muriel Roger

    (Paris School of Economics, INRA)

  • Sébastien Roux

    (Centre de recherches en Economie et Statistique (CREST-INSEE))

Abstract

Cet article revient sur l’interprétation théorique des l’élasticité du nombre d’heures travaillées aux salaires en tenant compte de la demande de travail à temps partiel dans le cadre d’un modèle d’équilibre de recherche en emploi. Une entreprise propose des emplois à temps partiel ou complet en fonction de la variabilité de sa demande, de ses coûts d’embauche. Les travailleurs les acceptent ou non selon leur utilité, qui dépend du salaire et des heures. Cette économie admet un équilibre de Nash pour lequel toutes les entreprises emploient des salariés à temps partiel et à temps complet. Des simulations montrent que la relation entre heures et salaires dépend principalement de la demande des entreprises et non de la préférence pour le loisir des individus.

Suggested Citation

  • Muriel Roger & Sébastien Roux, 2009. "Demande de travail et élasticité des heures au salaire," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 2009013, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2009013
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    File URL: http://sites.uclouvain.be/econ/DP/REL/2009013.pdf
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    demande de travail; élasticité des heures; modèle de recherche et d’équilibre.;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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