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Libertà del vivere una vita civile e deprivazione economica


  • Luigi Pierfranco Campiglio

    () (DISCE, Università Cattolica)


We analyze households’ economic freedom to determine their standard of living, characterized by their capacity to spend on housing, utilities, food, and transport: economic poverty is a lack of freedom due to budgetary constraints. We propose three new measures. The first is the classical notion of “freedom to choose”, distinguishing however between the categories of high, medium and low frequency of purchase. Facing a food price increase, households in the lowest decile cannot escape it: they are not free. For the lowest decile the share of high-frequency consumption goods is 60%. We show that the households in the 1° decile of consumption recorded an inflation rate which, between 1999 and 2009, was 7 percentage points higher than the inflation rate for the 10° decile. The second is a measure of the freedom to choose an adequate food plan: the share of households unable to ensure adequate food consumption, according to our measure, was 6.3% in 2007, increasing to 8.4% in 2009. We show that food consumption, inside and outside the home, is constrained by housing costs. The level of food consumption for households below the food poverty line is startlingly low for families with children, and constraints on food consumption in the north are slightly higher than in the south of Italy. The third measure is defined with reference to a “negative saving” of necessities, i.e. a level of income lower than that required to ensure an adequate consumption of non-durable goods and services. The share of households which experienced financial difficulties in 2008, at the onset of the crisis, was 13.7%. The households with negative savings are typically those having one earner, working class, young and living in rented housing; this group tended to increase between 1998 and 2008. While the level of food and clothing consumption is almost equal in the north and the south of Italy, the degree of economic vulnerability is higher in the south when considering income and savings.

Suggested Citation

  • Luigi Pierfranco Campiglio, 2011. "Libertà del vivere una vita civile e deprivazione economica," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Politica Economica ispe0058, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:ctc:serie5:ispe0058

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    Cited by:

    1. Garofalo, Maria Rosaria, 2011. "Il volontariato può sostenere lo sviluppo? Riflessioni metodologiche per la costruzione di un frame work teorico
      [Can the voluntary sector sustain the development path of an economy? Suggestions fo
      ," MPRA Paper 40008, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Caruso, Raul & Schneider, Friedrich, 2013. "Brutality of Jihadist terrorism. A contest theory perspective and empirical evidence in the period 2002–2010," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 685-696.
    3. Campiglio, Luigi Pierfranco, 2014. "Unbundling the Great European Recession (2009-2013): Unemployment, Consumption, Investment, Inflation and Current Account," MPRA Paper 53002, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Campiglio, Luigi Pierfranco, 2013. "Famiglia e pressione fiscale
      [Households and tax burden in Italy: 1991-2012]
      ," MPRA Paper 50592, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Luigi Pierfranco Campiglio, 2013. "Why Italy's saving rate became (so) low?," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Politica Economica ispe0063, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    6. Giuseppina Malerba & Marta Spreafico, 2014. "The rich and the poor in the EU and the Great Recession: Evidence from a Panel Analysis," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Politica Economica ispe0068, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    7. John S L McCombie & Marta Spreafico, 2013. "Can only democracies enhance “Human Development”? Evidence from the Former Soviet Countries," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Politica Economica ispe0066, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).
    8. Luigi Pierfranco Campiglio, 2012. "Market's SINS and the European Welfare State: theory and empirical evidences," DISCE - Quaderni dell'Istituto di Politica Economica ispe0060, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Dipartimenti e Istituti di Scienze Economiche (DISCE).

    More about this item


    freedom; poverty; negative saving; consumption distribution; food; purchase frequency;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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