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Does International Migration Increase Child Labor?

Author

Listed:
  • Anna De Paoli

    (University of Milan Bicocca)

  • Mariapia Mendola

    () (University of Milan Bicocca and Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano)

Abstract

Global international migration may influence child labor through a labor market effect. We empirically investigate this issue by using an original cross-country survey dataset, which combines information on international emigration flows with detailed individual-level data on child labor at age 5-15 in a wide range of developing countries. By using variation in the emigration supply shocks across labor market units de.ned on the basis of both geography and skill, we estimate a set of child labor equations where the variable of interest is the interactive effect between parental skill and country-level emigration shocks. We measure the latter through different indicators including a direct measure of the relative skill composition of emigrants relative to the resident population in the country of origin. Overall, after controlling for a large set of individual-level characteristics, remittances, and country fixed effects, our findings are consistent with predictions and show that international out-migration may significantly reduce child labor in disadvantaged households through changes in the local labor market.

Suggested Citation

  • Anna De Paoli & Mariapia Mendola, 2012. "Does International Migration Increase Child Labor?," Development Working Papers 339, Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano, University of Milano, revised 16 Jul 2012.
  • Handle: RePEc:csl:devewp:339
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    File URL: http://www.dagliano.unimi.it//media/WP2012_339.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Michael Clemens and Timothy N. Ogden, 2014. "Migration as a Strategy for Household Finance: A Research Agenda on Remittances, Payments, and Development- Working Paper 354," Working Papers 354, Center for Global Development.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International Migration; Child Labor; Factor Mobility; Cross-country Survey Data;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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