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“Another Look at Causes and Consequences of Pension Privatization Reform Reversals in Eastern Europe"


  • Nikola Altiparmakov

    (Fiscal Council, Serbia)


In order for ‘carve-out’ pension privatization to improve long-term sustainability the transition should not be predominantly debt-financed, and private pension funds should deliver (net) rates of return tangibly higher than GDP growth. We show that none of the reforming countries in Eastern Europe was successful in fulfilling these two preconditions, even before the emergence of the global financial crisis. While existing literature mostly describes a recent wave of reform reversals as politically driven short-sighted policies that deteriorate long-term sustainability, we argue the contrary: that pension privatization structural deficiencies and disappointing performance allow reversals to improve the short-term stance without necessarily undermining long-term pension sustainability. We conclude that unless political consensus exists to support the multi-decade fiscal austerity required to finance pension privatization, reform adjustments and reversals can be a rational alternative to maintaining economically suboptimal or politically unstable pension systems in some Eastern European countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Nikola Altiparmakov, 2018. "“Another Look at Causes and Consequences of Pension Privatization Reform Reversals in Eastern Europe"," CeRP Working Papers 181, Center for Research on Pensions and Welfare Policies, Turin (Italy).
  • Handle: RePEc:crp:wpaper:181

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    Cited by:

    1. Ishay Wolf, 2022. "Studying the equilibrium of pension designs when shifting to funded pension schemes: economic theory and links to political factors," SN Business & Economics, Springer, vol. 2(7), pages 1-21, July.
    2. Ishay Wolf & Lorena Caridad y Lopez del Rio, 2021. "The Expectation for Pension Insurance in Funded Schemes: Theoretical Model and Global Implementation," Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, Richtmann Publishing Ltd, vol. 10, September.
    3. JIMON Stefania Amalia & BALTES Nicolae & MUNTEAN Neli, 2019. "Social Protection Of Older People And The Structure Of Consumption Expenditure In Countries Of Central And Eastern Europe," Revista Economica, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 71(2), pages 103-117, September.
    4. Ishay Wolf, 2021. "Political Stress and the Sustainability of Funded Pension Schemes: Introduction of a Financial Theory," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 14(11), pages 1-12, November.
    5. Andrzej Paczoski & Solomon T. Abebe & Giuseppe T. Cirella, 2019. "Debt and Deficit Growth Rate Reporting for Post-Communist European Union Member States," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 8(6), pages 1-17, June.

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