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Rules of Origin for Goods and Services: Conceptual Issues and Economic Considerations

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  • Hoekman, Bernard

Abstract

Rules of origin form part of the traditional trade policy landscape. They are necessary for any government that seeks to distinguish between different foreign sources of supply of a product. This paper provides a basic introduction to the conceptual issues that arise in this area. It discusses both origin rules for products and producers, the latter being crucial in the context of trade in services, and summarizes the results of the economic literature with respect to rules of origin. The intention is to provide a `primer' to this increasingly complex area. The increasing attention being given to rules of origin by policy-makers and analysts is in large part a reflection of the spread of regional trade arrangements. Much of the analysis therefore focuses on preferential origin rules.

Suggested Citation

  • Hoekman, Bernard, 1993. "Rules of Origin for Goods and Services: Conceptual Issues and Economic Considerations," CEPR Discussion Papers 821, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:821
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kaminski, Bartlomiej & de la Rocha, Manuel, 2003. "Stabilization and association process in the Banlkans : integration options and their assessment," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3108, The World Bank.
    2. Joseph Francois & Bernard Hoekman & Miriam Manchin, 2006. "Preference Erosion and Multilateral Trade Liberalization," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 20(2), pages 197-216.
    3. W. Sawyer, 2001. "NAFTA as a Means of Raising Rivals' Costs: A Comment," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 18(1), pages 127-131, February.
    4. Paul Brenton & Miriam Manchin, 2003. "Making EU Trade Agreements Work: The Role of Rules of Origin," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 26(5), pages 755-769, May.
    5. Rod Falvey & Geoff Reed, 1998. "Economic effects of rules of origin," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 134(2), pages 209-229, June.
    6. Manchin, Miriam & Pelkmans-Balaoing, Annette O., 2007. "Rules of origin and the web of East Asian free trade agreements," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4273, The World Bank.
    7. Productivity Commission, 2004. "Rules of Origin under the Australia–New Zealand CER Trade Agreement," International Trade 0410001, EconWPA.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Free Trade Areas; Rules of Origin; Trade in Services;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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