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How Regional Blocs Affect Excluded Countries: The Price Effects of MERCOSUR

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  • Chang, Won
  • Winters, L. Alan

Abstract

The welfare effects of PTAs are most directly linked to changes in trade prices, i.e., the terms of trade. This paper employs a simple strategic pricing game in segmented markets to measure the effects of MERCOSUR on the pricing of 'non-member' exports to the region. Working with detailed data on unit values and tariffs we find that the creation of MERCOSUR is associated with significant declines in the prices of non-members' exports to the region and that these can be largely explained by tariff preferences offered to its partners. We focus on the Brazilian market (by far the largest in MERCOSUR) and show that non-members' export prices to Brazil respond to both m.f.n. and preferential tariffs, the latter inducing reductions in non-member export prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Chang, Won & Winters, L. Alan, 1999. "How Regional Blocs Affect Excluded Countries: The Price Effects of MERCOSUR," CEPR Discussion Papers 2179, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:2179
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bagwell, Kyle & Staiger, Robert W, 1998. "Will Preferential Agreements Undermine the Multilateral Trading System?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(449), pages 1162-1182, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Imperfect Competition; Mercosur; Regional Integration; Terms of Trade;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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