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Monetary Policy, Forward Rates and Long Rates: Does Germany Differ from the United States?

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  • Favero, Carlo A.
  • Iacone, Fabrizio
  • Pifferi, Marco

Abstract

In this paper we analyse the impact of monetary policy shocks on the term structure of interest rates in US and Germany. We estimate the term structure of spot rates and of the instantaneous forward rate following the methodology proposed by Svensson(1994). We interpret the instantaneous forward rate as the expectations for the overnight rate prevailing at each point in the future. Exploiting the fact that intervention on policy rates take place in occasion of regular meetings of the FOMC in the US and of the Bundesbank Council in Germany, we estimate the term structure of spot rates and of instantaneous forward rates the day before and the day after regular meetings. From the estimation of the term structures before meetings we derive a measure of expectations for Central Banks interventions. On this basis we can assess the predictability of monetary policy under the null of the validity of the pure expectational model. We perform this exercise both by regression analysis and by the implementation of a non-parametric test proposed by Pesaran and Timmermann(1990). We then proceed to derive a measure of policy shocks by using information on the effective intervention. Such measure of policy shocks is available both for dates in which some intervention was effectively implemented by Central Banks and for dates in which a policy of no intervention was decided. Finally, we evaluate the impact of monetary policy on the term structure of interest rates by regressing the change in the yield curve between the day before and the day after meetings on expected and unexpected modification in policy rates. We conduct such exercise for the US and Germany over the period 1991-1995 to evaluate the sign and the magnitude of the response of the term structures in the two countries to expected and unexpected modifications in monetary policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Favero, Carlo A. & Iacone, Fabrizio & Pifferi, Marco, 1996. "Monetary Policy, Forward Rates and Long Rates: Does Germany Differ from the United States?," CEPR Discussion Papers 1456, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1456
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Bagliano, Fabio C. & Favero, Carlo A., 1998. "Measuring monetary policy with VAR models: An evaluation," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 1069-1112, June.
    2. Andersson, Malin & Dillen, Hans & Sellin, Peter, 2006. "Monetary policy signaling and movements in the term structure of interest rates," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(8), pages 1815-1855, November.
    3. Andersson, Malin & Dillén, Hans & Sellin, Peter, 2001. "Monetary Policy Signaling and Movements in the Swedish Term Structure of Interest Rates," Working Paper Series 132, Sveriges Riksbank (Central Bank of Sweden), revised 01 Jan 2004.
    4. Malin Andersson & Hans Dillén & Peter Sellin, 2002. "Monetary policy signalling and movements in the Swedish term structure of interest rates," BIS Papers chapters,in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Market functioning and central bank policy, volume 12, pages 268-297 Bank for International Settlements.
    5. Papadamou, Stephanos, 2013. "Market anticipation of monetary policy actions and interest rate transmission to US Treasury market rates," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 545-551.
    6. Gabriel Pérez Quirós & Jorge Sicilia, 2002. "Is the European Central Bank (and the United States Federal Reserve) predictable?," Working Papers 0229, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    7. Andrew G Haldane & Vicky Read, 2000. "Monetary policy surprises and the yield curve," Bank of England working papers 106, Bank of England.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Expectations; Institutional Forces; Monetary Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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