The Europe Agreements: Implications for Trade Laws and Institutions. Lessons from Hungary
Trade liberalization in Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland was accomplished in record time between 1989 and 1991. Sustainability became, however, a major concern in Central and Eastern Europe as the `honeymoon of trade liberalization' ended in 1991/2. The paper examines whether Europe Agreements (EAs) offer a credible mechanism to help in tying the hands of governments in favour of liberal trade policies. The focus is entirely on Hungary. The paper analyses trade policy formulation in Hungary and evaluates the actual constraint imposed by the EAs. It also examines the actual implementation of trade policies by Hungary vis--vis imports from the European Union and third countries. The paper concludes that the Hungarian experience suggests that EAs can be successful in sustaining trade liberalization in Central and Eastern Europe.
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