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Equilibrio regional y patrones de migración para el continente americano 1960 - 2005: Análisis espacial por panel de datos

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  • Hernán Enriquez Sierra

    ()

  • Jacobo Campo Robledo

    ()

Abstract

El artículo analiza la dinámica de la migración en el continente americano desde 1960 a 2005 empleando un enfoque de desequilibrio como el propuesto por Sjaastad (1969) y Todaro (1969). Mediante técnicas recientes de econometría espacial se evalúan los flujos migratorios, controlando por el efecto de movilidad del trabajo y el ajuste salarial a escala regional determinados por los salarios reales y por la población de cada país. Adicionalmente, el modelo estimado busca variaciones en la migración teniendo en cuenta características de la población en cada uno de los países, específicamente la proporción de personas en edad de trabajar, desempleo y salario relativo. Estimando la migración neta se tiene que el equilibrio espacial migratorio se ve afectado negativamente por los salarios y positivamente por la oferta de trabajo existente.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernán Enriquez Sierra & Jacobo Campo Robledo, 2012. "Equilibrio regional y patrones de migración para el continente americano 1960 - 2005: Análisis espacial por panel de datos," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO UCATOLICA 010388, UNIVERSIDAD CATOLICA DE COLOMBIA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000444:010388
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Debarsy, Nicolas & Ertur, Cem, 2010. "Testing for spatial autocorrelation in a fixed effects panel data model," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 453-470, November.
    2. Todaro, Michael P, 1969. "A Model for Labor Migration and Urban Unemployment in Less Developed Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 138-148, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Flujos migratorios; equilibrio espacial; Panel espacial.;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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