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Equilibrio parcial y general: dos problemas inquietantes

  • Tania Contreras Herrada


  • Ivan Mendieta Muñoz


  • Rogelio Huerta Quintanilla


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    A pesar de los múltiples avances y modificaciones que ha sufrido la teoría microeconómicaneoclásica, sus dos modelos canónicos continúan siendo el de equilibrio parcial y el de equilibriogeneral. Contrario a lo que habitualmente se expone, existe abundante literatura que tornainsatisfactorios a ambos instrumentos analíticos. El presente ensayo intenta exponer algunosproblemas de la teoría microeconómica dominante recuperando los trabajos que nos parecencontienen los componentes más esenciales de las críticas desarrolladas hacia ambos paradigmas:los elementos aportados por Piero Sraffa; los Teoremas de Sonnenchein-Mantel-Debreu; yla imposibilidad de la teoría del equilibrio general tanto de poder ofrecer una explicación de laformación de precios como de modelar economías monetarias. Finalmente, la parte final del ensayoaborda brevemente si la teoría de juegos puede ser considerada como una salida satisfactoria a losdefectos de la teoría microeconómica convencional.

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    Paper provided by UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA SEDE MEDELLIN in its series ENSAYOS DE ECONOMÍA with number 010332.

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    Length: 19
    Date of creation: 16 Dec 2012
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:col:000418:010332
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