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Evolución de la concentración y especialización industrial en Colombia, 1975-2005

Author

Listed:
  • Juliana Jaramillo Echeverri

    ()

  • Julieth Parra Hincapié

    ()

Abstract

Pese a los diferentes modelos de desarrollo implementados en el país durante las últimas décadas,no se ha logrado consolidar la industria como motor de crecimiento ni han disminuido las fuertesdisparidades regionales. Este artículo estudia la reconfiguración de la industria colombiana antes,durante y después de la apertura de 1990. Utilizando la información suministrada por la EncuestaAnual Manufacturera, se elaboran algunos índices y coeficientes que permiten evaluar la evoluciónde la concentración y especialización industrial. Se concluye que la apertura ha influido poco en laestructura espacial de la industria, que la producción industrial es generada por muy pocos sectoresy que, a pesar de los esfuerzos realizados, la producción y el trabajo continúan concentrados enlos mismos departamentos.

Suggested Citation

  • Juliana Jaramillo Echeverri & Julieth Parra Hincapié, 2012. "Evolución de la concentración y especialización industrial en Colombia, 1975-2005," ENSAYOS DE ECONOMÍA 009809, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA SEDE MEDELLIN.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000418:009809
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Política industrial; economía regional; localización; política comercial;

    JEL classification:

    • O25 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Industrial Policy
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location
    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis

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