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Biocombustibles: el debate internacional y el caso de México

Author

Listed:
  • Jesús Lechuga Montenegro

    ()

  • Fernando García de la Cruz

    ()

Abstract

El paradigma energético vigente es tema de amplio debate por el cambio climático y los incrementos de precios del combustible fósil. El nuevo entramado es impulsadoprincipalmente por Estados Unidos y Brasil por su ventaja tecnológica en la producción de biocombustibles. En México bajo la Ley de Promoción de los Bioenergéticos se implementan políticas para impulsar alternativas sustentables, concordandoasí con el Protocolo de Kyoto. En ambos casos la estrategia es cuestionable, pues las ventajas de una tecnología verde, sin las políticas adecuadas en la expansión de producción de bioenergía con base en el cambio de uso del suelo agrícola o la incorporación de nuevas tierras para este fin, ocasionarían problemas alimentarios y de destrucción del hábitat, así como incremento de precios en los insumos utilizados.

Suggested Citation

  • Jesús Lechuga Montenegro & Fernando García de la Cruz, 2010. "Biocombustibles: el debate internacional y el caso de México," ENSAYOS DE ECONOMÍA 008792, UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL DE COLOMBIA SEDE MEDELLIN.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000418:008792
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    energéticos; bioenergía; biocombustibles; sustentabilidad;

    JEL classification:

    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q27 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Issues in International Trade
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q34 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Natural Resources and Domestic and International Conflicts
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy

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