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Impacto de los precios internacionales del petróleo WTI y los alimentos en la inflación y en el crecimiento sectorial y macroeconómico en Colombia


  • Oscar Andrés Espinosa Acuña - Paola Andrea Vaca González



Esta investigación busca analizar dos tópicos, en primer lugar, los impactos que en Colombia tienen los precios internacionales del petróleo (referencia WTI) y los alimentos (carne, lácteos, azúcar, aceites), sobre los diferentes sectores económicos con los que poseen vínculos directos. En segundo lugar, estudiar los efectos de estos precios sobre la inflación y el crecimiento del producto en la economía nacional. Para estos dos objetivos, se realiza entre 2000 y 2011, un análisis estadístico mediante modelos VAR, determinando a partir de estos, causalidades de Granger, funciones de impulso-respuesta, y descomposiciones de varianza. Los datos utilizados son los índices de precios de alimentos de la FAO, el precio del petróleo WTI, los PIB sectoriales, el producto agregado, y el índice de precios al consumidor (general y sin alimentos).

Suggested Citation

  • Oscar Andrés Espinosa Acuña - Paola Andrea Vaca González, 2012. "Impacto de los precios internacionales del petróleo WTI y los alimentos en la inflación y en el crecimiento sectorial y macroeconómico en Colombia," ECONOGRAFOS - ESCUELA DE ECONOMÍA 010034, UN - RCE - CID.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000176:010034

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    Cited by:

    1. Jonathan Cortázar Camelo, Elkin Linares, 2015. "Incidencia de los precios del petróleo en el crecimiento económico y la inversión extranjera directa en Colombia durante el periodo 1990-2010," REVISTA CIFE, UNIVERSIDAD SANTO TOMÁS, August.

    More about this item


    Índice de precios de alimentos; Precio del Petróleo WTI; Inflación; Crecimiento; Modelos VAR.;

    JEL classification:

    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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