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CO2 emissions in German, Swedish and Colombian manufacturing industries


  • Alexander Cotte Poveda - Clara Pardo Martínez


This study evaluates and compares the trends in CO2 emissions for the manufacturing industries of three countries: two developed countries (Germany and Sweden) that have applied several measures to promote a shift towards a low-carbon economy and one developing country (Colombia) that has shown substantial improvements in the reduction of CO2 emissions. This analysis is conducted using panel data cointegration techniques to infer causality between CO2 emissions, production factors and energy sources. The results indicate a trend of producing more output with less pollution. The trends for these countries´ CO2 emissions depend on investment levels, energy sources and economic factors. Furthermore, the trends in CO2 emissions indicate that there are emission level differences between the two developed countries and the developing country. Moreover, the study confirms that it is possible to achieve economic growth and sustainable development while reducing greenhouse gas emissions, as Germany and Sweden demonstrate. In the case of Colombia, it is important to encourage a reduction in CO2 emissions through policies that combine technical and economic instruments and incentivise the application of new technologies that promote clean and environmentally friendly processes.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexander Cotte Poveda - Clara Pardo Martínez, 2013. "CO2 emissions in German, Swedish and Colombian manufacturing industries," Serie de Documentos en Economía y Violencia 10464, Centro de Investigaciones en Violencia, Instituciones y Desarrollo Económico (VIDE).
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000137:010464

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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad, Sulaman & Pan, Yanchun & Agha, Mujtaba Hassan & Umar, Muhammad & Chen, Siyuan, 2022. "Industrial structure, energy intensity and environmental efficiency across developed and developing economies: The intermediary role of primary, secondary and tertiary industry," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 247(C).
    2. Irza Hanie Abu Samah & Intan Maizura Abd Rashid & Wan Ahmad Fauzi Wan Husain & Suraiya Ibrahim & Hariri Hamzah & Mohammad Harith Amlus, 2020. "The Impact of Healthcare Expenditure and Healthcare Sector Growth on CO2 Emission using Dynamic Panel Data System GMM Estimation Model during COVID 19 Crisis," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 10(6), pages 235-241.
    3. Patricia Jissette Rodríguez Sánchez & Mariana Hernández González & Juliana Carmenza Bello Arias, 2018. "Eco-Innovation And Sustainable Production In Developing Countries. Cases Colombia And Mexico," Economy & Business Journal, International Scientific Publications, Bulgaria, vol. 12(1), pages 228-238.
    4. Clara Inés Pardo Martínez, 2009. "Energy efficiency developments in the manufacturing industries of Germany and Colombia, 1998-2005," Serie de Documentos en Economía y Violencia 6144, Centro de Investigaciones en Violencia, Instituciones y Desarrollo Económico (VIDE).

    More about this item


    CO2 emissions - Manufacturing industries Panel data model;

    JEL classification:

    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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