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Violence and economic development in Colombian cities: a dynamic panel data analysis

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  • Alexander Cotte Poveda

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Abstract

This paper studies the socio-economic determinants of violence in the seven most important cities in Colombia. Derived from theories rooted in classic works, including Becker's paradigm, criminal inertia, social disorganisation, urbanism and strain, we formulate several hypotheses on the socio-economic determinants of violence. To test these hypotheses, a dynamic panel data analysis is employed. The analysis shows that cities´ deprivation and high population density are strong predictors of homicide rates. Comparing the results among Colombian cities, we find support indicating that city-level homicide rates are influenced by the city's level of development. Moreover, we find evidence that economic growth, inequality, poverty and human capital influence violence in the cities studied, which could generate negative effects on the economic and social development of Colombia.

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  • Alexander Cotte Poveda, 2012. "Violence and economic development in Colombian cities: a dynamic panel data analysis," SERIE DE DOCUMENTOS EN ECONOMÍA Y VIOLENCIA 010080, CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES EN VIOLENCIA, INSTITUCIONES Y DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO (VIDE).
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000137:010080
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    File URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jid.2819/abstract?referer=http%3A%2F%2Fworks.bepress.com%2Falexandercottepoveda%2F
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:soceps:v:61:y:2018:i:c:p:16-28 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bassetti, Thomas & Caruso, Raul & Cortes, Darwin, 2015. "Behavioral Differences in Violence: The Case of Intra-Group Differences of Paramilitaries and Guerrillas in Colombia," MPRA Paper 64943, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Cotte Poveda Alexander, 2011. "Socio-Economic Development and Violence: An Empirical Application for Seven Metropolitan Areas in Colombia," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 17(1), pages 1-23, September.
    4. Adenuga Fabian ADEKOYA & SNor Azam Abdul RAZAK, 2016. "Effect Of Crime On Poverty In Nigeria," Romanian Economic Business Review, Romanian-American University, vol. 11(2), pages 29-42, June.
    5. Kumar, Surender, 2013. "Crime and Economic Growth: Evidence from India," MPRA Paper 48794, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic development; violence; socio-political instability; poverty; panel data; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General

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