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Crecimiento económico y distribución del ingreso en Colombia: evidencia sobre el capital humano y el nivel de educación

Listed author(s):
  • Alexander Cotte Poveda


En los últimos treinta años, el comportamiento de la producción en Colombia se ha analizado desde un modelo que relaciona el capital físico, el stock de capital humano -desagregado en mano de obra calificada y no calificada-, y el nivel de empleo. Los resultados del análisis distinguen dos efectos importantes del capital humano sobre el crecimiento económico: El primero, al interior del mismo capital humano, se refiere a la mayor productividad o eficiencia que la sociedad adquiere con mayores niveles de educación o entrenamiento en sus actividades que se refleja en una mayor productividad. El segundo, es el beneficio generado por mayores niveles de escolaridad de la sociedad o por innovaciones tecnológicas que se difunden libremente, es decir, es un efecto social no individual, que indica que aquellas economías con mayores niveles promedios de capital humano capacitado son más productivas que las demás. En otras palabras, este efecto también se refleja en una mayor productividad de la sociedad y mayores tasas de crecimiento económico.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2006
Handle: RePEc:col:000137:002221
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